We are not responsible for the verity of links and/or information contained in the following; these are for your possible convenience, and are not recommendations.


From northwest to southeast, Russia (formally the Russian Federation) shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the US state of Alaska by the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the eighth most populous nation with 143 million people. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning nine time zones.

Ethnic groups include:
Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, Other or unspecified 12.1%.

Religions include:
Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Judaism. These are Russia’s traditional religions. The Russian Orthodox Church remains the largest religious body in the country.

Russian currency is the Rouble (Rbl).
1 RBL = 100 kopeks. for conversion to other currencies click here: http://www.xe.com/ucc/

Russian time zones in which CHOC operates include:
Moscow and St. Petersburg - GMT+3
Kazan – GMT +4
Orenburg, Perm, Ufa - GMT+5
and Tomsk – GMT+7

Phone Standards are as follow:
Country area code: 7.
Mobile Standards: GSM 900/1800.
for particular regions, click here: http://countrycode.org/russia

Public holidays in Russia include:
Jan 1 - New Year,
Jan 7 – Russian Orthodox Christmas Day,
Feb 23 – Day of the Defenders of the Motherland,
Mar 8 – International Women’s Day,
May 1 – Spring and Labour Day,
May 9 – Victory in Europe Day,
Jun 12 – Russia Day,
Nov 4 – National Unity Day,
Dec 12 – Constitutional Day.

Russia's power and voltage is different from Canada's.
Electricity: 220V, 50Hz

Weather in Russia can be seen here:

Visas to Russia can be obtained through the Visa Center Company:

Helpful links about travel to Russia follow:
Apartments rentals: http://www.go-russia.com/apartments.php
Hotel at Sheremetyevo airport: http://www.eng.v-exp.ru/
Driver and guide in Moscow: http://www.moscow-driver.com/
Hotels in Russia: http://www.allrussiahotels.com/
New York Times Russia Travel Guide: http://travel.nytimes.com/travel/guides/europe/russia/overview.html

The following links range from governmental organizations through informative medical information, to chat groups which may be of interest to you:

The Canadian clinic for adopted children:http://www.trilliumhealthcentre.org/
Attachment disorders:http://www.reactiveattachmentdisordertreatment.com/
Designated Medical Practitioners in Russia:http://www.cic.gc.ca/dmp-md/medicalinfo.aspx
Canadian Citizenship for international adoptees:http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/citizenship/adoptees.asp
Canadian Immigration for international adoptees; Applying as a member of the family class: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/
Ontario adoption:http://www.children.gov.on.ca/htdocs/
Nova Scotia adoption:http://www.gov.ns.ca/coms/families/adoption/
Manitoba adoption:http://www.gov.mb.ca/fs/childfam/adoption.html
Alberta adoption:http://www.child.alberta.ca/home/600.cfm
Newfoundland and Labrador adoption:http://www.gov.nl.ca/cyfs/adoptions/index.html
Saskatchewan adoption:http://www.socialservices.gov.sk.ca/adoption
Prince Edward Island adoption:http://www.gov.pe.ca/sss/index.php3
British Columbia adoption:http://www.mcf.gov.bc.ca/adoption/
New Brunswick adoption:http://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/
Embassy of the Russian Federation in Canada:http://www.rusembassy.ca/
Embassy of Canada in Russia:http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/russia-russie/
Adoption Council of Ontario:https://www.adoption.on.ca/
Adoption Council of Canada:http://www.adoption.ca/
Adoption Practitioners in Ontario:http://www.children.gov.on.ca/htdocs/
Canada Revenue Agency - eligible adoption expenses:http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/tpcs/ncm-tx/
Canada Revenue Agency - completing your tax return:http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/tpcs/ncm-tx/rtrn/
National Bank of Canada financial assistance:http://www.nbc.ca/bnc/cda/content/
Canadian Employment Insurance Maternity and Parental Benefits:http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/sc/ei/
Canada Adopts:http://www.canadaadopts.com/canada/overseas.shtml
Family Helper:http://www.familyhelper.net/
The Adoption Foundation:http://www.adoptioninformation.com/
Eastern European Adoption Coalition:http://www.eeadopt.org/
Families for Russian and Ukrainian Adoption:http://www.frua.org/
Down Syndrome Adoption Ministry:http://reecesrainbow.org/
The parenting network:http://www.pnpic.org/
Adoption chat group:http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Russian_Adoption/
Authentic Russian Recipes:http://www.ruscuisine.com/
Russian Adoption Families and their blogs:http://russianadoptionblogscollection.blogspot.ca/
Russian for Adoptive Parents:http://www.russianforfree.com/adoptive-parents.php
Russian Art Store in Toronto:http://www.russianartstore.com/
Russian Food store in Toronto:http://www.yummymarket.com/
Kids Learn Russian Language in Toronto:http://www.russkiekorni.ca/indexeng.html
Kids Learn Russian Language in Toronto:http://translate.google.ca/translate
Kids Learn Russian Language in Toronto:http://www.trendystudents.com/
Four Media Myths about Adoption:http://www.everythingforadoption.com
Russian-American adoption debacle:http://www.examiner.com/international-politics-in-national/russian-american-adoption-debacle
Hunt for American woman who abandoned children:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2113909/American-woman-abandons-adopted-Russian-twins-15-months-St-Petersburg-street.html

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